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White House Defense Policy Objectives, 21 January 2009
21 January 2009.
"Our country's greatest military asset is the men and women
who wear the uniform of the United States. When we do send our men and
women into harm's way, we must also clearly define the mission, prescribe
concrete political and military objectives, seek out the advice of our
military commanders, evaluate the intelligence, plan accordingly, and
ensure that our troops have the resources, support, and equipment they
need to protect themselves and fulfill their mission."
-- Barack Obama, Chicago Foreign Affairs Council
April 23, 2007
President Obama and Vice President Biden will invest in a 21st century
military to maintain our conventional advantage while increasing our capacity
to defeat the threats of tomorrow. They will ensure our troops have the
training, equipment and support that they need when they are deployed.
Invest in a 21st Century Military
- Rebuild the Military for 21st Century Tasks: Obama
and Biden believe that we must build up our special operations forces,
civil affairs, information operations, and other units and capabilities
that remain in chronic short supply; invest in foreign language training,
cultural awareness, and human intelligence and other needed counterinsurgency
and stabilization skill sets; and create a more robust capacity to train,
equip, and advise foreign security forces, so that local allies are
better prepared to confront mutual threats.
- Expand to Meet Military Needs on the Ground: Obama
and Biden support plans to increase the size of the Army by 65,000 soldiers
and the Marine Corps by 27,000 Marines. Increasing our end strength
will help units retrain and re-equip properly between deployments and
decrease the strain on military families.
- Leadership from the Top: President Obama and Vice
President Biden will inspire a new generation of Americans to serve
their country, whether it be in local communities in such roles as teachers
or first responders, or serving in the military to keep our nation free
- Lighten the Burdens on Our Brave Troops and Their Families:
The Obama-Biden Administration will create a Military Families Advisory
Board to provide a conduit for military families' concerns to be brought
to the attention of senior policymakers and the public. Obama and Biden
will end the stop-loss policy and establish predictability in deployments
so that active duty and reserves know what they can and must expect.
Build Defense Capabilities for the 21st Century
- Fully Equip Our Troops for the Missions They Face:
Barack Obama and Joe Biden believe we must get essential equipment to
our soldiers, sailors, airmen and Marines before lives are lost.
- Review Weapons Programs: We must rebalance our capabilities
to ensure that our forces can succeed in both conventional wars and
in stabilization and counter-insurgency operations. Obama and Biden
have committed to a review of each major defense program in light of
current needs, gaps in the field, and likely future threat scenarios
in the post-9/11 world.
- Preserve Global Reach in the Air: We must preserve
our unparalleled airpower capabilities to deter and defeat any conventional
competitors, swiftly respond to crises across the globe, and support
our ground forces. We need greater investment in advanced technology
ranging from the revolutionary, like Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and electronic
warfare capabilities, to essential systems like the C-17 cargo and KC-X
air refueling aircraft, which provide the backbone of our ability to
extend global power.
- Maintain Power Projection at Sea: We must recapitalize
our naval forces, replacing aging ships and modernizing existing platforms,
while adapting them to the 21st century. Obama and Biden will add to
the Maritime Pre-Positioning Force Squadrons to support operations ashore
and invest in smaller, more capable ships, providing the agility to
operate close to shore and the reach to rapidly deploy Marines to global
- National Missile Defense: The Obama-Biden Administration
will support missile defense, but ensure that it is developed in a way
that is pragmatic and cost-effective; and, most importantly, does not
divert resources from other national security priorities until we are
positive the technology will protect the American public.
- Ensure Freedom of Space: The Obama-Biden Administration
will restore American leadership on space issues, seeking a worldwide
ban on weapons that interfere with military and commercial satellites.
They will thoroughly assess possible threats to U.S. space assets and
the best options, military and diplomatic, for countering them, establishing
contingency plans to ensure that U.S. forces can maintain or duplicate
access to information from space assets and accelerating programs to
harden U.S. satellites against attack.
- Protect the U.S in Cyberspace: The Obama-Biden Administration
cooperate with our allies and the private sector to identify and protect
against emerging cyber-threats.
Restore the Readiness of the National Guard and Reserves
- Equip, Support, and Modernize the National Guard and Reserves:
Barack Obama and Joe Biden will provide the National Guard with the
equipment it needs for foreign and domestic emergencies and time to
restore and refit before deploying. They will make the head of the National
Guard a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to ensure concerns of our
citizen soldiers reach the level they mandate. They will ensure that
reservists and Guard members are treated fairly when it comes to employment,
health, and education benefits.
Develop Whole of Government Initiatives to Promote Global Stability
- Integrate Military and Civilian Efforts: The Obama-Biden
Administration will build up the capacity of each non-Pentagon agency
to deploy personnel and area experts where they are needed, to help
move soldiers, sailors, airmen and Marines out of civilian roles.
- Create a Civilian Assistance Corps (CAC): Obama and
Biden will create a national CAC of 25,000 personnel. This corps of
civilian volunteers with special skill sets (doctors, lawyers, engineers,
city planners, agriculture specialists, police, etc.) would be organized
to provide each federal agency with a pool of volunteer experts willing
to deploy in times of need at home and abroad.
Restore Our Alliances
- Engage Our Allies in Meeting Our Common Security Challenges:
America's traditional alliances, such as NATO, must be transformed and
strengthened, including on common security concerns like Afghanistan,
homeland security, and counterterrorism. President Obama and Vice President
Biden will renew alliances and ensure our allies contribute their fair
share to our mutual security.
- Organize to Help Our Partners and Allies in Need:
The Obama-Biden Administration will expand humanitarian activities that
build friendships and attract allies at the regional and local level
(such as during the response to the tsunami in South and Southeast Asia),
and win hearts and minds in the process.
- Create Transparency for Military Contractors: President
Obama and Vice President Biden will require the Pentagon and State Department
to develop a strategy for determining when contracting makes sense,
rather than continually handing off governmental jobs to well-connected
companies. They will create the transparency and accountability needed
for good governance, and establish the legal status of contractor personnel,
making possible prosecution of any abuses committed by private military
- Restore Honesty, Openness, and Commonsense to Contracting
and Procurement: The Obama-Biden Administration will realize
savings by reducing the corruption and cost overruns that have become
all too routine in defense contracting. This includes launching a program
of acquisition reform and management, which would end the common practice
of no-bid contracting. Obama and Biden will end the abuse of supplemental
budgets by creating a system of oversight for war funds as stringent
as in the regular budget. Obama and Biden will restore the government's
ability to manage contracts by rebuilding our contract officer corps.
They will order the Justice Department to prioritize prosecutions that
will punish and deter fraud, waste and abuse.
Source: The White House, www.whitehouse.gov.
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